UPDATED With New Research: April 24, 2019
ATC - Next 30 Years -
Significant Chronological History - (1983)
New Updates: (April 24, 2019)
An exciting career: The Development of a Safe Commercial Aviation Industry...
Next 30 Years:
Commercial Aviation and Air Traffic Control
-- NEW SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION --
February 7, 1983 - Elizabeth Hanford Dole, graduate of Duke University and Harvard Law School, became the new Secretary of Transportation.
-- FAA ARTCCs --
April 11, 1983 - FAA announced that the national Airspace System Plan would be revised, increasing the number ARTCCs to 23 and re-designating them as AREA CONTROL FACILITIES.
-- LOST 3 ENGINES --
The No. 2 engine was shut down when the low oil pressure light illuminated and the captain decided to return to Miami. While en route the low oil pressure lights for engines Nos. 1 and 3 illuminated while at 16,000 feet. both engines flamed out while the flight crew was attempting to restart the No. 2 engine.
The jet descended without power from about 13,000 feet to about 4,000
feet, at which time the No. 2 engine was restarted. They captain made a
one-engine landing at Miami International Airport. There were no injuries
to the occupants.
NTSB determined that the probable cause of the accident was the
omission of all the O-ring seats on the master chip detector assemblies
leading to the loss of lubrication and damage to the jet's 3 engines.
Eastern Air Lines supervisory personnel failed to require mechanics to
comply strictly with the prescribed installation procedures. Similar
previous occurrences were not corrected.
Contributing to the accident was the failure of the
FAA maintenance inspectors to assess the significance of the incidents
involving master chip detectors and to take effective surveillance and
enforcement measures to prevent the recurrence of the incidents.
-- AIR CANADA CRASH --
Prior to the landing the master warning light illuminated and the enunciator lights indicated that the emergency AC and DC electrical buses had lost power and the attitude directional indicators weren't working. The emergency power switch was activated directing battery power to the emergency AC and DC buses. Because of the loss of AC power, the stabilizer trim was inoperative. The pilots on the Indianapolis Center high altitude sector frequency broadcast: "Mayday, Mayday, Mayday."
Louisville radar high sector controller acknowledged the call, and was told that the DC-9 had a fire and was going down. The flight was cleared to Cincinnati (25 miles away) and descended from FL330 to 5,000'. On final approach, since the horizontal stabilizer was inoperative, the captain extended the flaps and completed the landing. He made maximum effort to stop using extended spoilers and full brakes. The antiskid system was inoperative and all four main wheel tires blew out.
The crew tried to go back into the cabin, but because of the smoke and extreme heat, they exited through their respective cockpit sliding windows. 18 passengers and 5 crewmembers left the plane using 5 exits, and the cabin interior then burst into flames. 23 passengers (of the 46 persons aboard) perished in the fire when the main door was opened. The influx of oxygen ignited a fire which killed half of the passengers. (23 Fatalities)
Probable cause: A fire of undetermined origin, (probably in the aft
lavatory) and underestimate of fire
severity, and conflicting fire progress information provided to the
captain. Additional cause was the flight crew's delayed decision to
institute an emergency descent.
-- WEATHER RADAR --
June 8-14, 1983 - FAA awarded two competitive contracts to develop the Next Generation Weather Radar (NEXRAD). NEXRAD would have the ability to "See" inside storms and measure the velocity and direction of wind-driven precipitation and other particles suspended in the air.
-- "RAN OUT OF GAS" --
July 23, 1983 - Air Canada Flight 143, Boeing-767, ran out of fuel above Manitoba because of a miscalculation. The crew successfully glides the aircraft to a safe landing at a former air force base (now a drag strip) at Gimli, Manitoba.
The Captain averted the disaster by drawing on his background as a glider pilot and safely landed the jet.
Causes: 1. A maintenance crew discovered a shoddy soldering job had knocked out the computer that calculates how much fuel was needed. 2. Rather than canceling the flight, the ground crew manually calculated how much fuel would be needed. 3. A warning signal at 41,000 feet, and the crew discovered a critical error in using imperial measurements rather than metric ones and the jet was rapidly running out of fuel.
One engine went out and because the electrical system was run off the
engines, it was knocked out. Without power, the pilots were forced to
manual controls as the jet descended at 2,000 feet per minute.
-- WEATHER --
July, 1983 - FAA adopted the Hazardous In-flight Weather Advisory Service (HIWAS), after testing in the areas of Jacksonville and Miami Air Route Traffic Control Centers
-- ANNIVERSARY --
August 23, 1983
The Twenty-Fifth Anniversary
-- WASHINGTON D.C. --
-- B-747 TRAGEDY --
September 1, 1983 - Korean Air Lines Flight 007, B-747, from New York City to Seoul via Anchorage, Alaska was shot down by a Soviet Su-15 interceptor near Moneron Island west of Sakhain in the Sea of Japan. The jet began to veer far off its normal course, and into Russian airspace over the Kamchatka Penninsula where some top-secret Soviet military installations were known to be located.
The Soviets sent two fighters to intercept the plane and tried to make contact. Failing to receive a response, one of the fighters fired a heat-seeking K-8 missile and KAL 007 was hit and fell into the sea of Japan. All 269 people on board were killed including Larry McDonald, a Representative from Georgia in the U.S. House of Representatives.
An ICAO report concluded that the Korean crew unknowingly flew into Soviet airspace because they improperly operated their navigation equipment. (269 Fatalities)
-- CONTINENTAL AIRLINES --
September 24, 1983 - Continental Airlines filed for bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11 and suspended all flights. Chairman of the airline and its parent company, Texas, Frank Lorenzo announced that a "new Continental" was resuming operations, on a discount-fare basis to about a third of the cities formerly served. He offered to rehire 4,200 of 12,000 employees at salaries below those paid under their union contracts. Continental's pilots and flight attendants began a strike on October 1, but failed to shut down the airline. By the end of 1983, the company employed 700 pilots and 800 flight attendants.
-- AIR ILLINOIS CRASH --
October 11, 1983 - An Air Illinois commuter flight, Hawker-Siddley 748, crashed near Pinckneyville, Illinois. The NTSB reported that the accident was caused by the pilot's decision to continue the flight after loss of electrical power from both generators. Additionally, a thunderstorm was also in the area.
Air Illinois, based in Carbondale, IL became a commuter airline during aviation deregulation in the late 1970s.
The NTSB determined the probable causes of this accident: "in-flight planning/decision improper, pilot in command spatial disorientation." Contributing factors were inadequate aircrew training and FAA failure to prevent this inadequacy. (10 Fatalities)
-- OZARK AIR LINES CRASH --
December 20, 1983 - Ozark Air Lines Flight 650, McDonnell Douglas DC-9 from Sioux City, Iowa to Sioux Falls, South Dakota, while landing in a snow storm, struck a snow plow on the runway. The impact ripped the right wing from the plane, destroying the snow plow and killing its driver. No passengers were injured, but two flight attendants suffered minor injuries.
The NTSB determined that the snow removal operations were controlled from the tower. The snow plow had been directed to exit the runway, but no communications had been made between the tower and the snow plow after the jet was handed off to the tower controller. Snow removal operations were inadequately supervised by the tower. (1 Fatality)
-- FAA --
December 23, 1983 - J. Lynn Helms resigned as FAA Administrator to return to the private sector. Deputy Administrator Michael J. Fenello became Acting Administrator .
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Last revised: April 24, 2019
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